Agreement Of Cartagena

The Andean Community strives to introduce a democratic clause in the agreements it signs with third parties, in accordance with the criteria set out in this protocol. A number of agreements within the framework of the World Trade Organization (WTO), such as the Agreement on the Application of Health and Plant Health Measures (SPS) and the Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement (TBT) and the Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement, contain provisions relevant to the protocol. This protocol states in its preamble that the contracting parties: International investment agreements (AI) are divided into two types: (1) bilateral investment agreements and (2) contracts with investment provisions. A bilateral investment agreement (ILO) is an agreement between two countries to promote and protect investments made by investors from the countries concerned in the territory of the other country. The vast majority of IDu are bits. The category of contracts with investment rules (TIPs) includes different types of investment contracts that are not BITs. There are three main types of TIPs: 1) global economic contracts that contain commitments that are often included in ILOs (. B, for example, a free trade agreement with an investment chapter); 2. contracts with limited investment provisions (for example. B, investment creation or free transfer of investment-related funds; and 3) contracts that contain only « framework clauses, » such as. B on investment cooperation and/or a mandate for future investment negotiations.

In addition to IDAMIT, there is also an open category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It includes various binding and non-binding instruments, such as model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations and others. The protocol promotes biotech risk prevention by establishing rules and procedures for the safe transmission, handling and use of LVO, with a focus on cross-border LVO transfers. It contains a number of procedures, including one for LVO, which must be voluntarily introduced into the environment, called the advance information procedure, and a pre-information procedure for LVO, which must be used directly as feed or intended for processing. The parties to the protocol ensure that LROs are treated, packaged and transported in safe conditions. In addition, cross-border LVO transfers must be accompanied by documentation indicating, among other things, the identity of the OVO and the point of contact for more information. These procedures and requirements are intended to provide the initiating parties with the information necessary to make informed decisions about whether or not to accept ESMS imports and to process them safely. UNCTAD`s Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IAA) actively supports policy makers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders in the IIA reform to make them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth. International investment rules are established at bilateral, regional, inter-regional and multilateral levels. It requires policy makers, negotiators, civil society and other stakeholders to be well informed about foreign direct investment, international investment agreements (AI) and their effects on sustainable development.

Key objectives of UNCTAD`s IIA work programme – Reform of the International Investment Agreements (IIA) regime to improve the dimension of sustainable development; A comprehensive analysis of key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime; Development of a wide range of instruments to support the development of a more balanced international investment policy.